Hair Loss Can Be Caused by What: Reasons for Losing Hair

Hair loss in men begins to occur after puberty. Since male genetics are more suitable for hair loss, baldness problem occurs in later ages. Although hair loss is less common in women, it is caused by individual gene differences. Stressful life, thyroid hormone imbalance, use of birth control pills, the birth process, breastfeeding process, and menopausal women trigger hair loss. Other procedures such as perming, blow-dry, etc. performed under the name of hair care cause the scalp to be exposed to excessive heat and hair loss in the long term.

Hair loss is usually genetic, but it can also be caused by various diseases. In addition, temporary illnesses, sinusitis, infection, intestinal parasites trigger hair loss, while B12, magnesium, zinc, and iron deficiency also cause hair loss. Natural hair loss is a must-have for our hair health. The weakened hair sheds to renew themselves and healthy hair occurs from the hair follicles. However, it must have a certain rate. Scientifically, when the hair shedding rate exceeds ten percent of the total hair strand rate, this means unhealthy shedding and it is useful to consult a dermatologist.

Daily cleaning and routine hair care can prevent some spills. Airing of the hair follicles is very important for the health of the hair strands. For this reason, the scalp should be washed at regular intervals, while washing the hair, it should be cleaned with gentle movements and care should be taken to ensure that the hair is always clean. Substances found in most shampoos, which make shampoos foam, and also in laundry and dishwashing detergents, damage the health of the scalp and damage the hair strands. For this reason, you should avoid cheap shampoos for hair health and prefer natural soaps and shampoos.

After the diagnosis is made with the help of a specialist, if there is a spillage as a result of the disease, a treatment method is followed accordingly. When necessary, vitamin supplements are made, protein-supplemented nutrition can be used, and if there is a hormonal imbalance, the disease is treated. Correct diagnosis and treatment can bring hair loss to normal. The use of various medications under expert control is good for hair loss. These types of medicines strengthen weak hair strands and thicken thin hair strands. It provides treatment for hair strands that are about to fall out and prevents them from falling out.

With the method called hair mesotherapy, vitamins, minerals, and circulation regulators are injected into the scalp with microneedles. After the injection process is finished, the scalp is massaged and the injected substances are distributed evenly to the hair follicles. This treatment, which can be applied as a cure, contributes to the strengthening of the hair follicles and the growth of the hair. This method can be applied to both women and men. The most common method used today is hair transplantation. Hair transplantation is to try to provide a balanced appearance by taking the hair strands at the back of the scalp that does not fall out and applying them to the shed areas.

It is mostly used for male pattern hair loss. It is the most valid hair loss solution today. Acceleration of blood circulation in the scalp prevents hair loss. Massaging the scalp with olive oil and coconut oil contributes to the acceleration of blood circulation. Again, if a pinch of rosemary is boiled for 20 minutes and cooled, and then used in hair rinsing, it will strengthen the hair. The remaining rosemary juice can also be used as a conditioner. Although many herbal solutions are recommended for hair loss, if you are experiencing advanced hair loss, you should definitely see a dermatologist.

Hair Loss Can Be Caused by These Reasons

A healthy scalp has an average of 100 thousand hairs, and an average of 100-150 hairs lost per day is considered normal in adults due to washing and combing. Hair loss may occur due to hormonal and nutritional factors, exposure to chemicals, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases, hair growth disorders, drugs, psychological stress, and scalp diseases. Hair loss in a healthy person can take up to 2 months. If the hair loss period, which is repeated 3 times a year, exceeds 2 months, it may be a harbinger of some serious diseases and may require expert assistance. Hair loss usually begins 3-4 months after the trigger factor and these factors can return to normal 6-12 months after treatment.

The lifetime of each hair is roughly divided into three. The growth phase is the phase that takes the longest, at this phase, the hair grows by an average of 1 cm per month. The hair that completes this phase then enters a resting phase that lasts for a few weeks. After this phase, which lasts for an average of 2-3 weeks, the hair will enter the phase of shedding. Hair entering the spill phase loses its connection with the hair follicle and falls out within 2-4 months. This period can be shortened but not extended by combing, brushing, and washing processes. At the end of this period, even if nothing is done to the hair, the hair will spontaneously fall off. New hair is produced from the hair follicle instead of the shed hair.

This cycle continues for a lifetime. The stage of the hair cannot be understood from its external appearance, and at any time, 85-90% of the hair is in the growth phase, 1-2% is in the resting phase, and 10-15% is in the shedding phase. The logic of accepting that it is normal to lose up to “100” hair strands a day on non-bathing days comes from the physiology of the hair described above. Knowing these stages is also important in understanding why the treatment takes a long time in hair loss.

Every existing hair strand has a life cycle. Each hair strand lives for 4-6 years, then rests and then falls out. Hair loss in this way is an extremely natural process and 50-100 hair loss per day is considered normal. If we shed more than this number, if the amount of hair on the hand increases while taking a bath, or if we get 3-5 pieces of hair when we pull the washed and dried hair by hand, this situation should be taken seriously. Hair loss can have many different causes. The important thing is to determine this cause and to make appropriate treatment. Here are some of the causes of hair loss:

  • Wrong Hair Care

According to the experts’ information; Processes such as dyeing, bleaching, perming, or hair straightening can damage the hair if not done under appropriate conditions. At the same time, with frequent application of these procedures, washing, combing, and brushing the hair can weaken and break the hair. The frequency of pulling your hair with ponytails, braids, or tight elastics can also cause hair loss.

  • Drying

Using conditioner after shampooing your hair makes it easy to comb your hair. When wet, your hair is more fragile. In order to prevent the hair from breaking and shedding; Avoid drying the hair by rubbing it with a towel and using a wide-mouthed and flat-tipped comb instead of a brush.

  • Alopecia Areata

As a result of this type of hair loss, which can be seen at any age, smooth surface, coin-sized or larger circular patches form on the scalp. There may rarely be a loss of all hair and body hair. The cause of this type of hair loss is unknown, and in many patients, hair grows spontaneously.

  • Post-natal

Experts state that a large part of the hair in pregnant women is growing, but after birth, the hair growth cycle starts to rest and that they shed excessively within 2-3 months. After this period lasts for 1-6 months, they mostly grow again and return to their old amounts.

  • High Fever and Infections

Experts state that diseases can cause the hair to enter the resting phase and there may be an intense hair loss 4 weeks to 3 months after the disease, but they will return to their previous amount over time.

  • Thyroid Disease

Stating that less or more working thyroid gland can cause hair loss, doctors state that hair loss can be eliminated with the treatment of this disease.

  • Incomplete Protein Intake

Protein deficiency occurs in those who have abnormal eating habits and those who have incomplete protein diets. In this case, it puts the hair in a resting phase in order to preserve the body protein, causing intense hair loss after 2-3 months. For this to improve, doctors recommend taking sufficient protein.

  • Some Medications

According to doctors, some medications used can cause hair loss, albeit temporarily.

  • Cancer Treatments

Experts say that some cancer treatments can stop hair cells from dividing and patients can lose 90 percent of their hair; However, they state that after the treatment, the hair will grow and return to its original state.

  • Birth Control Pills

Doctors state that hair loss of women using these pills can occur with a hereditary predisposition, but when hair loss occurs, the pills should be changed under the doctor’s control.

  • Iron deficiency

Hair loss can be seen in cases of nutritional iron deficiency or insufficient absorption of iron from the intestines. Since iron deficiency is more common in women due to menstrual bleeding, the iron deficiency must be corrected.

  • Major Surgical Interventions

Patients who have undergone major surgery may experience excessive hair loss within a few months, but this situation resolves within a few months. Hair loss can continue for a lifetime in people with severe chronic diseases.

Understanding the Cause: Hair Loss Types

  • Male Pattern Hair Loss

Hair loss that occurs with the effect of androgens on a genetic basis is called “Androgenetic hair loss”. It is seen in about half of men and 20-25% of women. Although patients say that hair loss is exacerbated from time to time, it is usually an insidious hair loss unlike telogen hair loss and the table settles over the years. Sometimes patients notice more that their hair is thinning rather than hair loss. Basically, it is seen that the hair becomes thinner at the top of the hair and a thinning is noticed compared to the back of the hair. Especially in women, it is difficult to diagnose in the initial periods and it can easily be confused with other hair loss. It should be known that the treatment will take years.

  • Ringworm Type Hair Loss

Alopecia areata is a common disease that occurs suddenly and is characterized by one or several rounds, completely balding areas of different diameters. It is popularly known as “ringworm”; However, contrary to what its name suggests, it is not a fungal disease and is not contagious. It can be seen not only on the hair but also on the beard area. It usually regresses with treatment within a few months or years. If your hair loss continues, do not take this lightly. It is very important to apply to a dermatology specialist, to be examined and to have the necessary tests done, and to go on the way of treatment in persistent hair loss.

  • Hair Loss Due to Thyroid Hormones

Widespread hair loss or loss of body hair can be seen in the case of hypothyroidism, that is, the thyroid gland is underactive. After an average of 8 weeks after thyroid hormone treatment, the hair begins to return to its normal state. In long-term hypothyroidism, permanent root loss develops and hyperthyroidism, in other words, hyperthyroidism, can cause hair loss.

  • Hair Loss Due to Vitamin Deficiency

Hair loss may begin due to hormonal changes, especially from the 1st to 4th month after birth and it usually takes less than 6 months. In female patients, when there are problems such as thinning, acne, menstrual irregularity, and increased hair growth, especially in the frontal areas of the hair, it is necessary to control the level of sex hormones. Iron deficiency is found in 70% of women who complain of diffuse hair loss, which means the whole scalp. Even the decrease in iron stores without anemia can lead to hair loss.

Zinc, biotin, vitamin B12, folic acid deficiency, and vitamin D deficiency also cause hair loss. Hair loss can occur approximately 1-6 months after starting strict diets. The decrease in protein stores in the body leads to insufficient protein production in hair cells and hair loss. Hair loss can be seen 2-5 months after high fever diseases or surgical interventions.

  • Stress-Related Hair Loss

Some blood pressure medications, cholesterol-lowering drugs, thyroid hormone lowering drugs, birth control pills, some drugs used in psychiatry, vitamin A and some derivative drugs can cause hair loss. Hair loss itself can increase the stress level and cause a vicious cycle. Especially, hair loss that lasts longer than 2 months should be considered, and a specialist should be consulted considering that there may be different underlying diseases.

  • Hair Loss Due To Dental Caries

The reason for the sudden ringworm and hair loss may be the effect of tooth decay and therefore infections on the hair. It can also damage the immune mechanism’s own healthy body cells, which fight against bacteria entering the body with dental disorders. In this case, the immune system affects the hair follicles and causes hair loss. For this reason, it is necessary to be examined by the dentist in order to treat dental caries and prevent hair loss.

  • Hair Loss in Men

Hair loss is more common in men than in women. The fact that hair loss is higher in men compared to women is due to the fact that the enzyme called 5 alpha-reductase is less in the body structure of women. In women, the aromatase enzyme is more than this enzyme. Since men are more affected by the problem of hair loss, women can be considered unlucky in this regard, as the products sold in the market are aimed at men. Because of the aromatase enzyme, these products cannot be effective in women. However, since hair transplantation methods are very advanced, it will be a solution for everyone who has this problem.

  • Hair Loss in Women

The major cause of hair loss in women is genetic factors. Due to these factors, the hair becomes thinner and tends to fall out. This situation can lead to problems that can lead to baldness in the later stages. With anemia due to iron deficiency, hormonal imbalances, a stressful life, thyroid hormone problems, postpartum, pregnancy, breastfeeding period, menopause, and use of birth control pills are seen as periods of increased hair loss in women. Factors such as perm, highlighting and blow-dry in dyeing processes applied to the hair frequently cause hair loss in women.

Causes of Intensive Hair Loss in Women

Dr. Bashar Bizrah, the founder and director of the Beyond Med Center in London, provides very important information about hair loss and hair loss in women. According to Dr. Bizrah, the number of women suffering from hair loss and hair loss is increasing day by day. This is a very ‘stressful’ experience for women. Many women experience hair loss after giving birth. According to Doctor Bizrah, one of the main reasons for this is hormonal changes. In a normal time, 10% of our hair is in the telogen phase. So we can say the spill phase.

Excessive stress levels shock our system, which causes hair to enter the telogen phase early. This can sometimes be up to 70% of the hair. We call this telogen effluvium and it can take up to 3 months to become visible. The most important thing for healthy hair is healthy hormone levels. Because hormones determine the hair growth cycle. If you have a hormone imbalance, you may also experience hair loss. The estrogen hormone in women helps the hair to stay in the growth phase as long as necessary. On the other hand, testosterone turns into dihydrotestosterone hormone. This hormone, which we call DHT, prevents the hair from getting the nutrients it needs. Hair root cells weaken, shrink, and die.

The treatment of this can be quite complex, but measures can be taken with solutions applied to the scalp. Remember that the hairstyle you prefer can trigger hair loss. If you tidy your hair for a long time, you will cause inflammation and damage to the hair follicles. This situation triggers the telogen phase, hair falls out. The medical name for this is traction ringworm. Gathering tight hair, using hair extensions, having dreadlocks, African braids can lead to these.

Iron deficiency and anemia are also health problems that contribute to hair loss. Iron deficiency, or anemia, causes low hemoglobin levels in the blood. Hemoglobin is the substance that repairs cells and carries oxygen to hair root cells. So if your hemoglobin is low, your hair will go hungry, thin, and fall out. To prevent this type of hair loss, you should consume foods rich in iron such as spinach, mushrooms, pumpkin seeds, cashews, pine nuts, and almonds. Vitamin B12 deficiency is among the causes of hair loss as well as fatigue and weakness. Our body needs B12 to produce red blood cells for metabolic functions. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the hair follicles and support the health of the hair.

Hair loss can also be genetic! Regional hair loss in women is a condition called androgenic alopecia and is generally hereditary. Estrogen level ups and downs during pregnancy and birth cause changes in the female body. Pregnancy and breastfeeding lead to an increase in estrogen levels, so the hair may become thicker and look fuller. But after 3 to 4 months, when the hormone level returns to normal, many hairs return to the shedding phase. During this period, Dr. Bizrah suggests that we consume plenty of iron-rich foods, do some activities to relax, eat a balanced diet, and avoid too much hair combing or hair coloring.

Doctor Bizrah says that healthy diets should be preferred while losing weight. Otherwise, we may be out of our hair while losing weight.
Although it has no scientific basis yet, it is thought that doing excessive sports contributes to hair loss as it causes inflammation in the scalp. In general, it is possible to say that paying attention to a healthy life is the way to healthy hair! Correct hair care, of course, plays an important role in combating hair loss. For example, many people get effective results by choosing anti-hair loss shampoos.

If you want to try this type of product; You can discover the types of shampoo against hair loss for women suffering from different types of hair loss in online stores that bring together organic and vegan hair care products with users. These products, which do not contain chemicals such as sulfate, SLS, SLES, alcohol, paraben, and perfumes that may pose risks for both human health and the environment, offer a healthy and effective solution against hair loss with herbal ingredients.

About the Causes of Hair Loss and Prevention Methods

The primary causes of hair loss include a combination of factors such as aging, hormonal changes, and a family history of baldness. As soon as hair loss begins, there is a possibility that more serious baldness may occur in the future. Hair loss can occur due to burns or trauma. In such cases, hair transplant surgery and reconstructive treatment may be considered. In order to start the treatment, the cause of hair loss must first be determined. It should be determined exactly whether the hair is thinning or balding. Hair loss is most visible during washing and combing. It is useful to check whether your hair is shed or not while performing these procedures.

If you have detected hair loss and this loss is between 100 and 200 strands per day, it is a normal hair loss. Spills above this number are abnormal and must be checked by a dermatologist. Hair loss within 2-3 days after birth, febrile illness, injury, and surgical operation is also normal. In addition, drugs used in the treatment of goiter, vitamin A, drugs used in cancer treatment may also cause hair loss. In this type of hair loss, the scalp is healthy. It does not require treatment, the shed hair returns spontaneously after a while. Some hair loss is caused by internal diseases. Diseases such as anemia and goiter due to iron deficiency can also cause hair loss. In this case, the existing disease must be treated in order to stop hair loss.

Alopecia areata, popularly known as hair breaker, causes hair loss to leave small round gaps in the scalp. During treatment, cortisone cream or cortisone injection can be applied to balding areas. Sometimes systemic cortisone therapy can be applied. In addition, different drug treatments that stimulate the hair follicle can be applied. In this type of hair loss, you should definitely go to a dermatologist. Male pattern hair loss is a disorder that is mostly seen in men but has started to be seen in women in recent years, and the hair on the temple and the top part is completely shed. Another name for this type of hair loss is hereditary hair loss.

While this type of hair loss in men is seen on the temple and top; It is seen as dilution on the upper part of the scalp in women. At the edges of the areas where the hair is thinned, there is immature short, thin, and thinning hair towards the tip. If women have problems with acne, hair growth, and menstrual irregularity, they should be subjected to a detailed examination by a specialist. In patients who do not respond to these treatments, a solution to the baldness problem can be found by applying hair transplant surgery on the head. Nowadays, with DHI and long hair FUE technique, hair transplantation can be performed without the need to shorten or shave the hair.

How to Eliminate the Causes of Hair Loss

The first way to prevent hair loss is to choose the right comb while combing your hair. If you have fallen hair, don’t forget to choose the right comb. For example, use wide-angle combs depending on the density of your hair. If you use frequent combs, these combs will pull your hair and your hair will break off and further hair loss will occur. Choose the right foods to prevent hair loss. Another important factor in preventing hair loss is proper nutrition. Proper nutrition prevents hair loss. Particularly, people on the wrong diet will have more and more hair loss due to vitamin deficiency. Consume protein-rich foods for healthy hair growth.

Take care to consume foods such as vegetables and fruits that contain protein, such as grains or even grapes for breakfast. Drink plenty of water regularly to prevent hair loss. Hair needs water to be healthy. Water also provides minerals necessary for hair growth. Take care to consume as much water as possible. If you do not want your hair to fall out, you should consume at least 2 liters of water during the day. One of the most hair-shedding factors is collecting hair. Those who suffer from hair loss unconsciously collect their hair, make a ponytail, and give hairstyles such as braids cause incredible damage to the hair.

It is especially useful for people with hair loss not to do these hairstyles. These hairstyles both cut the ventilation of your hair as needed and also put unnecessary pressure. Hair loss is usually caused by vitamin deficiency. For this reason, when you provide your hair with the necessary vitamins, your hair will be collected, and shedding stops. The most essential vitamins for hair are vitamins such as zinc, iron, vitamin C, vitamin A, and calcium. You can provide these vitamins by consuming fruits such as oranges, bananas, apples, and pineapples. During the day, external factors such as air pollution, dust, vehicle exhausts, enzymes very quickly, and your hair turn into a matte appearance.

For this reason, you should wash your hair at least twice a week and cleanse it from external factors. However, the most important thing to note is that you should not wash too often. If you wash your hair too often and especially if your hair falls out, hair loss will increase even more. Protect your hair from harmful rays. Be careful to wear a bandana, scarf or hat in your hair, especially when you go to the seaside. Harmful sun rays leave your hair without moisture, causing your hair to thin and then to spill. To prevent this, you must maintain the moisture content of your scalp. You can use hair moisturizers to keep your hair moist.

If your hair is falling out, do not use a blow dryer. If you are using it, be careful to use it at a warm level, not when the hair is hot. Otherwise, it will dry the moisture in your hair and cause more hair loss. Let your hair dry naturally as much as possible. It is healthier to dry with a towel instead of a blow dryer.

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Savaş Ateş

I'm a hair loss expert. The picture was taken 10 years ago :) I have been losing my hair. So I started to learn everything about hair loss and hair transplants. I contacted a lot of hair transplant doctors. We shared our experiences. I'm writing blog posts for people who have the potential of losing their hair. I give some tips about hair transplants and medical issues too.

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