When you think of hair loss treatment, you can not think of a single treatment method. Before the hair loss treatment, the person should have information about the causes of hair loss, the type of hair loss and the structure of the hair. In this article, I will give information about the treatment methods for you according to the types of hair loss.
If we list the types of hair loss treatment in general, these include: Haircare cures and products, strengthening and nourishing drugs, mesotherapy, PRP, medical drugs, and hair transplantation.
If you want to have hair loss treatment, you must first know the reasons for hair loss and learn your hair loss type. Of course, the most guaranteed and correct way to do this is to go to the doctor to have a hair analysis and examination, but in some cases, people can understand the reasons for their hair loss and decide what kind of hair loss is by themselves.
Understand the Causes of Hair Loss Before the Treatment
First of all, you should determine your hair loss type by questioning the reasons for hair loss. 1 out of every 3 people in the world is faced with the problem of hair loss at least once in their life. However, this may not always require hair loss treatment. Hair loss treatment is much more effective and useful when it is applied after the analysis and examinations performed by the doctor. Before hair loss treatment, you should know your hair loss type and the reason for hair loss.
Let’s take a brief look at the reasons and types of hair loss. Hair loss is primarily classified as permanent and temporary loss. In permanent hair loss, it is a very small possibility to restore the hair. In this type of hair loss, if hair loss treatment is applied before the hair loss reaches a certain level and regularly, hair loss can be significantly slowed down. Permanent hair loss causes can be listed as follows;
- Genetic Factors
Genetic structure, i.e. familial factors, is the main reason for permanent hair loss, especially in men. People who have genetic hair loss in their families are very likely to have permanent hair loss. Genetic hair loss might be a female-type hair loss in which the hair is sparse and thin in all areas of the head and a male-type hair loss in which the hair is opened starting from the forehead and top area. If male pattern hair loss has advanced to a certain level, the most successful and permanent hair loss treatment in this type of hair loss is seen as hair transplantation.
In newly started genetic spills, a number of different hair loss treatments can be applied to slow down hair loss. We will discuss these below.
- Various Diseases
Various diseases can cause hair loss. The most well-known of these is the disease known as ringworm. Although ringworm can cause temporary hair loss, it can also be the cause of permanent hair loss. Hair transplantation is the most valid hair loss treatment in people who experience permanent hair loss due to various diseases.
- Wounds, Cuts, and Burns
Wounds, cuts, and burns that have been formed in the hairy area for various reasons kill the hair follicles in that area and permanently damage the hair follicles. In such cases, it may be impossible to regrow hair in these areas. Wounds, cuts, and burns cause permanent hair loss. Since other hair loss treatments will not work in such cases, hair transplantation options should be considered as hair loss treatment.
- Temporary Hair Loss Causes are as follows;
Temporary hair loss occurs for a variety of reasons, and when the cause is eliminated, hair loss will recover by itself, but it will be correct to apply hair loss treatment in order to restore the hair to its former appearance in very advanced hair loss cases:
- Hormonal Issues
- Seasonal Transitions
- Metabolic Disorders
- Pregnancy Process and After
- Nutritional Problems
- Various diseases and treatment methods
- Environmental Factors
Hair loss treatment can be used to quickly recover the hair when the cause of temporary hair loss disappears. So what are hair loss treatments?
What Can Be Done to Treat Hair Loss?
There are different hair loss treatments that are determined according to the type of hair loss. Let’s take a look at these now.
- Hair Care Cures and Products
It is a method that works especially for mild hair loss. By applying the right hair care, you can restore your shed hair to its original form, especially due to environmental factors and external factors. The products developed in this sense aim to nourish your hair from the outside. You can try to feed your hair roots from the outside with products such as hair care cream and hair care serum, as well as products such as hair care curing and hair care mask that aim to smooth the hair superficially.
In this sense, there are many different product ranges. Choosing natural products and reliable brands will support the reduction of your mild hair loss, but we would like to remind you that regular care is very important in hair loss and it takes time for this care especially with cosmetic products to take effect.
- Strengthening and Nutritious Drugs
Hair loss treatment may not show the effect that should be done only with products applied externally to the hair. In order for the hair root to be nourished and regain its former form, taking vitamins and some supportive substances from the outside will be ideal for strengthening your hair.
Taking booster and nourishing medicines on the advice of your doctor after your control will be more accurate as it will allow you to directly access the essential factor that is missing in your body and causes hair loss. Your doctor can determine the vitamins that are missing in your body and useful for hair and can recommend supplements that nourish and strengthen your hair from the inside.
PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma), which has been an effective method in the problem of hair loss in recent years, is an application made with the blood of the person activated from Platelet. PRP, which triggers cell regeneration, provides regeneration of the hair follicles that are worn for various reasons. It can be used to strengthen hair, including early permanent hair loss. For male-type hair loss, it can create a slowing effect for new hair loss that does not require hair transplantation treatment.
The regular and correct application of PRP ensures the best effect for a succesful hair loss treatment. PRP application, which is very popular nowadays, can be applied incompletely or incorrectly with side and incomplete products. If you are considering PRP treatment, it is important that you have it done in reliable institutions approved by the Ministry of Health for the treatment to work.
How is PRP applied?
1 tube of blood is taken from the person by the medical team. The collected blood is placed in a special centrifuge device and processed 1 or 2 times for 15-20 minutes. PRP plasma is obtained by separating platelets of one’s own blood.
At the end of this period, “Platelet Rich Plasma” collected in the tube is taken into the injector and injected into the hair follicles of the person. The injection process takes about 10 minutes.
Since it is injected into the scalp of the person with a needle, it may cause slight pain, but this process, which is completed with micro-tip needles in a very short time, is not felt much due to the hard and durable structure of the scalp.
In people with low pain threshold, that is, sensitive to pain, PRP is performed with anesthetic cream applications or devices that soothe vibrating nerve endings. In this way, it is possible to eliminate the pain that may arise completely.
Since the person does not cause any drowsiness or fatigue, the person can easily return to his daily life after the procedure.
After the procedure, sea – pool activities, sports or activities that may cause intense fatigue should be avoided.
Since it is applied to the hair area, there is no difference in the person’s image. Having a single session is insufficient to show its effect. In order for the procedure to produce a successful result, it is appropriate for your doctor to make special planning for you.
The procedure is applied for 4 sessions with an average of 3 weeks and if necessary, it is repeated after a 6-month break.
Activating and reproducing the platelet in the blood is provided by natural means. Centrifuge technique has been determined as the most suitable method in this application. This process can also be called cell separation.
It is widely used because of its effectiveness and easy to obtain. It is also used for nourishing hair follicles after hair transplantation or for strengthening hair in hair loss.
It is the injection of hair nourishing vitamin cures into the hair follicles. The method used as a treatment for hair loss is a method that supports hair growth by strengthening it quickly. Hair Mesotherapy should be applied regularly like PRP. Along with hair mesotherapy, other hair loss treatment methods should also be applied. While hair mesotherapy strengthens damaged hair due to malnutrition, stress, hormonal imbalance or external factors, it is not very effective in advanced hair loss. In permanent male-type hair loss, it can slow down the balding period when applied with other hair loss treatment in the early period.
Hair loss treatment should be applied regularly and supported by side factors such as proper nutrition and avoiding bad habits. Having a hair analysis done before your hair loss treatment will increase the effectiveness of the treatment. In hair loss types where hair loss treatment will not work, the hair transplantation option should be considered.
How is hair mesotherapy applied?
Superficial micro-injections are placed in the middle layer, located approximately 1 mm deep in the first layer of skin, to stimulate the natural regeneration and growth process of the hair.
The treatment process to be applied against hair loss is specific to the patient. One session takes 10-30 minutes, depending on the size of the area that requires treatment. Usually, medicines such as herbal extracts, vitamins, or finasteride approved for hair treatment are used.
At least 10 intensive treatment sessions can be applied every 2 weeks for the first 2-3 months to stimulate the revitalization of the cells in the scalp and create the necessary scalp conditions. After three months, the sessions may extend.
Some people may get positive results in the first few weeks of treatment. This period can be extended depending on the severity of hair loss and how the individual responds to the treatment. Patients can observe significant results in the first 2-3 months of treatment, but the full effect of the treatment is seen after 6 months.
Among the benefits of hair mesotherapy are:
- It reduces hair loss.
- Stimulates hair growth.
- It prevents hair breakage.
- It accelerates the formation of new hair follicles.
- It repairs damaged tissues on the scalp.
- It reduces dandruff.
- It improves blood circulation in the scalp.
- Medical Drugs
Minoxidil: This drug is a topical over-the-counter drug. You can use this medicine in the treatment of male pattern baldness in men and thinning hair in women. Hands should be washed after applying to the scalp in liquid or foam form. Hair may continue to fall out at first, and new hair may be shorter and thinner than the previous ones. It should be applied patiently 1-2 times a day for an effective result.
It can be used in the treatment of baldness in men and thin hair in women. Hair regrowth requires at least 6 months, generally 1 year of treatment. Possible side effects are scalp irritation, unwanted hair growth as a result of an accidental application to the face or neck skin, and rapid heartbeat (tachycardia).
“Minoxidil solution must be applied twice daily. Hair growth usually appears within 12 weeks, and the response is usually maximal by 1 year; the continued application is needed until full remission occurs.” (Treatment of Hair Loss, Price V.H. | N Engl J Med 1999; 341:964-973).
Finasteride: It is prescribed to men only in the treatment of male pattern baldness. It prevents the body from producing the male hormone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It is taken orally 1 dose per day. Finasteride can slow hair loss in many men and even provide new hair growth. With regular use, new hair formation appears.
It shows its full effect in 6-12 months, so it should be taken regularly. It may not work for men over the age of 60. Rare side effects are reduced sexual drive, impotence, and prostate cancer risk. Women who are pregnant or become pregnant should avoid touching even crushed or broken tablets.
“Finasteride, a type 2-selective 5α-reductase inhibitor, was approved in 1997 as the first oral pharmacologic therapy for the treatment of men with androgenetic alopecia (AGA; male pattern hair loss). Originally developed for the treatment of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) at a dose of 5 mg/day, finasteride has a well-established, excellent safety profile.” (Use of Finasteride in the Treatment of Men With Androgenetic Alopecia (Male Pattern Hair Loss)).
Corticosteroid: Cortisone can be injected into the scalp if hair loss is caused by inflammation in the body. It can help stop inflammation, especially in ringworm. Topical creams and gels applied to the scalp can also be prescribed.
Treatment of Hair Loss by Gender
One of the most common problems for men and women today is hair loss. Women are also increasingly experiencing this problem, which is thought to be more specific to men. The medical name of hair loss that occurs in both men and women is “Androgenetic Alopecia”. In addition to these, it is also called “male pattern baldness”. The hairline goes back in time and dilutions begin. Generally, the upper part of the hair called the front line is shed.
In women, shedding from each region occurs at the same time. First, let’s explain how the structure of the hair is formed, how it grows and why it is shed: Human hair completes its cycle in 3 phases and sheds. The first of these phases is the Growth Phase (Anagen), at this stage, the hair grows about 1 cm per month, and it is the part that makes up a large part of the phase. It generally takes between 2-8 years. After this phase, the hair passes to the phase we call the Degradation Phase (Catagen). At this stage, the hair follicles prepare themselves for the resting phase and take approximately 20 days. The hair ends its cycle with the Rest Phase (Telogen). During this period, the hair follicle rests for 3-4 months and leaves the root and falls out. The hair cycle starts from the beginning and the shed hair is replaced by the new hair.
In short, this is the way our hair works. As everything has a lifetime, our hair also has a lifetime, and the hair that completes its life is shed and replaced with new hair. However, if our hair falls out excessively for any reason, the problem we call baldness arises. You should find out for what reason there is excessive spillage and treat it accordingly. It is a kind of disease that consists of different reasons such as hair loss, hair weakening and thinning. Each adult’s hair is shed between 50 and 100 hair strands during the day. According to some studies, it is considered normal to have 100 strands of hair during the day.
In case of a spill above this number for any reason, a specialist must be consulted. It can be said that if the hair loss above this rate occurs in the hair area, thinning or patency occurs, these people have a hair loss problem. To better determine this, a hair pull test can be done. In this test, 20-30 pieces of hair are grabbed. If the number of hairs that break off at this time is over 5, it can be said that the hair loss is intense. In this case, it is absolutely necessary to take the necessary measures, determine the reasons for this and apply the treatment.
Male Pattern Hair Loss Treatment
It is the most common form of hair loss. It starts in the upper part of the head and over time, the anterior line disappears. Hair begins to thin. Thus, this region becomes bald. This process continues for a long time and only some hair remains on the nape. In recent years, male hair loss has decreased to the age of 18. The biggest reason for this type of hair loss is the change of testosterone, an androgen hormone. Testosterone converts to Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) along with an enzyme known as 5-Alpha Reductase. The following question may come to mind immediately, “why is that, why does not every man’s hair fall out?” This is where genetics come into play, and the more sensitive the hair follicles are to androgens, the more shedding happens.
For example, our hair on the side and back is never shed, because the hair follicles in that section are resistant to androgens and not affected. Here, the follicles in the upper hair of people who do not lose their hair are resistant to androgens. This hormone sends signals to the hair and causes the hair to become weak and sparse. Early detection slows or stops all of these causes.
The hair loss rate in men is 80 percent. The loss of our hair as we get older continues to shed in the later ages when our cells become thinner, the cell membranes become thinner, and the androgens that bind to the receptors destroy the hair follicles. The most shedding factor in male pattern hair loss is DHT hormone. In addition, testosterone and some androgens play an active role in hair loss.
Misconceptions in Male Pattern Hair Loss
- Garlic, snake oil, almond oil, olive oil, and essential oil nourish the hair and may reduce some loss, but their use is both difficult and the desired result will never be achieved.
- Apart from that, one of the biggest misconceptions is to scrape the head or take it as short as possible. This is one of the biggest known mistakes. Scratching the head has no effect on hair loss. Hair loss seems to be reduced, but since the hair is short, you cannot see the hair that has already been lost, and this will cause you to say that my hair loss has decreased.
- Jelly, hair spray, wax, and other hair products damage the hair. There is absolutely no such situation, they are used only to shape the hair, and the reason for hair loss stems from the roots as written above.
- The shampoos used to stop hair loss are one of the biggest misconceptions, the shampoo that only stays on your head for a few minutes will never stop your hair loss. Shampoos only help stop shedding, it is impossible for them to stop shedding alone.
Female Pattern Hair Loss Treatment
Many women have hair loss problems today. Especially stress, malnutrition, hormonal changes, pregnancy, menopause, improper use of cosmetics, hair dyeing and seasonal changes cause hair loss. When should hair loss be taken seriously? If more than 100 hair strands, which are considered normal, are lost on a daily basis, women and men should definitely consult a specialist doctor. As a result of the evaluations, the causes of hair loss will be determined and appropriate solutions will be found.
Hair loss can be caused by medical problems or environmental effects. Causes such as the irregular operation of the thyroid gland, anemia problems, scalp problems, iron deficiency, hormone irregularity are among the medical problems. In addition, factors such as inadequate hair care and unbalanced nutrition are among the causes of hair loss. People should undergo blood tests and hormone tests. If the negativity is not determined as a result of these examinations, the lifestyle of the person should be questioned.
What are the external factors that cause hair loss? If no medical problem can be detected in the person, it can be concluded that the causes of hair loss are caused by external factors. In order to find the factors that cause this, the person’s smoking habits and diet should be questioned first. Nutrition mistakes, especially a diet poor in terms of vitamins and minerals, are effective in hair loss. If these are taken inadequately, the hair will not be able to benefit from them, since there is a sufficient intake for metabolism. Cigarette, which reduces the absorption of vitamins into the body, can trigger shedding when used excessively.
Therefore, people who have such a problem should consume foods with high nutritional value in their diet and review their smoking habits. Those with hair loss problems should question their habits as to whether the care they apply to their hair is sufficient or not. Since hair is negatively affected by cold air, polluted air, wind, dust and sun, hair loss may occur if hair care is insufficient. When this is not done enough, the hair loses moisture and there is a problem of shedding as they do not look healthy as before.
“If women are on hormone replacement therapy or an OCP, the dose and type should be stabilized, Over-the-counter DHEA or testosterone in hormone replacement therapies should be avoided. In this way, women with FPHL will minimize external additions to any potential underlying androgen sensitivity.” (CLINICAL REVIEWS Evaluation and treatment of male and female pattern hair loss)
Causes of Hair Loss by Gender
- Due to disorders in the subcutaneous sebaceous glands, spills starting from the forehead and top area may cause these areas to open completely over time. This factor is especially effective in men. The secretion of the sebaceous glands under the skin is due to the so-called sebum. When this lubrication is excessive, the hair will become oiled and the hair loss effect will occur.
- The anemia problem caused by iron deficiency in the body, upper respiratory infections such as influenza, typhoid, pneumonia, blood cancer, diabetes, and irregularities in the thyroid hormone may show shedding effect in everyone without discriminating between men and women.
- Conditions such as pregnancy, breastfeeding, and birth are among the causes of hair loss in women. These are caused by hormonal imbalances in these periods and hormones secreted during these periods. Although women are not genetically prone to hair loss, they may experience problems due to these factors. The use of birth control pills can also be a reason for hair loss, as this will cause hormonal imbalance.
- Genetic factors are among the causes of hair loss, especially affecting men. However, women are also affected.
- Unbalanced and malnutrition can also cause spillage. The hair, which cannot get enough vitamins and minerals, can be weakened and lost.
- Stress can be the answer to the question of why hair loss occurs. The long duration of this process also increases the effect of shedding more.
- Hair loss may occur if products such as shampoo and conditioner used for hair care are not suitable for hair.
- If the necessary care in hair care is not shown, the problem of shedding may also be encountered. It should be tried to ensure the balance of the hair that has worn out and the moisture balance has been distorted, periodically with natural care products.
Normally men are genetically more susceptible to hair loss. For women, it is seen as an unfamiliar problem. It is also a known fact that if women encounter this problem, they are more affected than men. Unlike men, when there is hair loss in women, the hair on the front is protected, but the hair on the back is shed. The loss of hair in men starts from the front and generally the back hair is protected. However, in some people, it can be seen that the hair on the entire scalp caused by genetic factors is shed.
Hair loss is higher in men compared to women, because the 5 alpha-reductase enzyme that causes loss is less in the body structure of women. In women, the aromatase enzyme is more than this enzyme. Since men are more affected by the problem of hair loss, women may be considered unlucky in this regard, as the products sold in the market are for men. Because of the aromatase enzyme, these products cannot be effective in women. However, since hair transplantation methods are quite advanced, it will be a solution for everyone who has this problem. The most effective and definitive solution for regaining hair that has already been shed is to have hair transplantation done.
Causes of Hair Loss in Women
Having genetic factors can affect hair loss in women. Due to these factors, the hair becomes thinner and tends to fall out. This can lead to problems that may go baldness in the following stages. Anemia due to iron deficiency, hormonal imbalances, a stressful life, thyroid hormone problems, postpartum, pregnancy, breastfeeding period, menopause process, and the use of contraceptive pills are the periods when hair loss increases in women. Women love to mess with their hair. Factors such as dye processes, perms, shellac and blowdry that are applied frequently on the hair cause hair loss in women.
Nutritional errors are among the causes of hair loss, as in men. Especially, preference is given to low-calorie and fatty foods and low-nutrient foods are effective in hair loss. Some medicines that women use regularly, especially hormone medications, can also cause shedding. Permanent hair loss may also occur as a result of aesthetic facelift operations favored by women, strained hair or connective tissue discomfort. Drugs that will cause hair loss in women and men are:
- Chemotherapy drugs used in cancer treatment
- Cholesterol and lipid-lowering drugs with blood fats
- Medicines used as blood thinners
- Drugs used in gout and thyroid diseases
- Diuretic drugs, beta-blockers, and antihypertensive drugs
- Too much vitamin A supplement use
- Medicines used during the diet
- Medicines that will affect the mood
- Use of oral contraceptive drugs
What Can Be Done Against Hair Loss?
If hair loss and breakage have just begun, it is necessary to consult a doctor. If necessary, the doctor will ask you for blood tests. In addition, your hair and scalp will be checked with the devices that make hair analysis. After that, the treatment process that will be applied specifically for you such as hair mesotherapy, oxygen hair care, ozone hair care, PRP cures is decided. In late cases, hair transplantation is performed. These applications must be done by experts in a hospital setting. Hair transplantation is a surgery performed under local anesthesia and does not compromise the comfort of the patient.
It can be done in any period when it is considered seasonally. The transplanted hair is not likely to be shed again. This hair is not lost for life. The success of the operation is very important here. The team performing the operation should have many years of experience in hair transplantation. There is no scar on the scalp after hair transplantation. If the planting process is done with the latest technology micro motor methods, there will definitely be no traces. In the sowing made with the Fut method, stitches are placed instead of the grafts removed from the nape region. This operation will also leave a mark.
First of all, it is necessary to know some things very well, the main thing is that the treatment of male pattern shedding is long and hard. Do not expect results in a few months, you will be frustrated. Apart from that, male pattern hair loss treatment is a life-long treatment, and when you stop using the drugs you use, you will return to your previous condition. Among the scientifically proven treatments for hair loss, there are currently 3 items currently approved by the FDA (American Medicines and Food Administration). These are Finasteride, minoxidil, and ketoconazole.
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