Today, hair transplantation is the biggest solution to the hair loss problem. A hair transplant procedure is characterized as a microsurgical activity done in a clinic or a health facility. Hair transplant operation is performed with much fewer interventions than normal surgery. Hair transplant operation is a medically effective and permanent solution for male pattern hair loss, but apart from this, people with head wounds, scars, hair disease, as well as people with ringworm and various diseases and hair loss can also easily have this operation. The important thing here is to choose the methods using the latest technology.
Best hair transplantation methods with the latest technology are Robotic Hair Transplantation, FUE Hair Transplantation, Mega Session Hair Transplantation, Direct Hair Transplantation, and PRP Hair Transplantation. It is very important that hair transplantation results in a natural appearance. For this, you should choose hair transplantation types that use the latest technology. Hair transplantation technology continues to develop in order to reach the best technique. In this article, I explained 5 hair transplant techniques using the latest technology for you.
Robotic Hair Transplant
Robotic Hair Transplantation based on 3D Technology and also known as “Robot Hair Transplantation”; It is a type of FUE Technique and it is a method of hair transplantation performed by taking hair roots from the predetermined region using robotic devices. The channels where the collected hair follicles will be placed and the placement of these roots are performed by the doctor. With the invention of the FUE method in hair transplantation, many devices have been developed to increase the efficiency of FUE. Lastly, robot technology has been added to FUE, when we say motorized, suction supported.
Robot FUE is a new technology used in hair transplant operations as in many other areas in the healthcare industry. Robotic Hair Transplantation, which was first used in countries such as England, America, and Japan, is getting more and more common. Since it is based on 3D technology, it is promised that the hair follicles can be seen more closely, therefore intense and fast transplantation is realized. Robotic hair transplantation, which is less preferred due to its cost, is at a minimum level of damage in the donor area compared to other techniques. Robotic hair transplantation is the tool used by FUE, which is a graft harvesting technique while collecting hair follicles. Although presented as a new method, robotic hair transplantation is not a method; It is one of the manual or micromotor devices used by FUE to loosen the roots.
The main difference between a micromotor and manual operation is micromotor having a mechanical structure, apart from that, the procedure is the same as manual hair transplantation. It has been reported that it can only grow hair follicles 10 thousand times, minimizing root damage and transplantation is performed faster. Only one brand of this computer-aided robot was approved by the FDA (American Food and Drug Administration) in 2011. The robotic system has a computer, a mechanical arm, a monitor, and a punching mechanism to collect the grafts. This “Robotic System”, which is a computerized medical mechanism of the grafts not by the doctors, basically works in 3 stages.
- Photographing the scalp,
- Determination of the donor area,
- Collecting the roots.
In robotic hair transplantation, graft collection is performed with the help of a robot, while the transplantation process is performed by doctors and hair transplant nurses. The robot starts the process by taking photos of the person who will have hair transplantation before the hair transplant. The head area is drawn from every angle and transferred to the computer and the transplantation area is made 3-dimensional. The head region, which has been made 3-dimensional in a computerized environment, is examined on the computer screen by the doctor who directs the operation. By measuring how many hair follicles are required for the balding area, it is calculated which areas are denser for the donor area.
Before the hair follicles in the donor area are removed, the depth at which the robot should penetrate the scalp is automatically determined by the system. After finding the most suitable and ideal hair growth angle for the person, the robotic system starts to collect the roots. After the images of the donor area are analyzed with robotic FUE and the exit directions of the roots are determined, the robot positions itself according to the angle. After the most suitable and ideal angle is found, the robot starts the process of harvesting the roots. Hair follicles are collected in the donor area with a vacuum and round, double-chamber needle. As the angle of exit of the roots changes, the robot changes its angle and ends the process. During the collection process, the robot stops automatically when it touches something other than the hair.
Throughout the robotic hair transplantation process, one person controls the robot with remote control, while another person follows the graft harvesting process on the computer monitor. If deemed necessary, the person controlling the robot with the remote control can interfere with the robot and change the setting. Since robotic hair transplantation is FUE-based, the process of performing it has similar features with FUE. Although there are some technical differences, robotic FUE graft collection, which starts with a haircut, ends with channel opening and finally placing roots in the canals. The process of robotic hair transplantation can be listed as follows.
- Placement of the robot apparatus
- Starting the robot
- Removal of grafts
- Opening channels
- Placement of roots
FUE Hair Transplant
Fue is the abbreviation for Follicular Unit Extraction. This method was first applied in Japan in 1988 with 1 mm punches. The method took place in the medical literature in 2002. In the Fue method; The hair follicles are taken one by one from the selected donor area, that is, separated from the skin and implanted in the desired area. That’s why the relocation of the hair follicles makes this technique to be completed in a longer time period when compared to other techniques.
Today, this method is done with micromotor rather than punches. Hair transplantation with the FUE method is a widely used method. How this method is applied is important. The technique should initially be applied by master medical services experts. In any other case, a non-stylish hair picture may happen. FUE Hair Transplant medical procedure is a sort of stylish activity that is habitually proceeded as a perpetual answer for hairlessness. This is actually an operation that can be performed by nearly all surgeons. Although it is made by everyone, success rates do not draw a high graphic.
Anyone who sells one of the Hair Transplant devices can say that I am doing a Hair Transplant. At this point, it is up to you, the patients. Hair Transplantation is an important operation that is very difficult to return and revise. That is why the person must make research on the hair transplant procedure, thus make the right call. So, what should you pay attention to before choosing your hair transplant specialist and center? First of all the center and the specialist should have references and past experience with the procedure. You should know how the front line of your hair will be indented and protruding, and how the hair density will increase from less to more.
Generally, 2 different techniques are used in hair transplant operations. These are FUE and FUT techniques. The FUE technique, which has many advantages compared to the FUT technique, is much more preferred. As for the FUE method, it is commonly done by moving the hair roots in the scruff region that are prone to shedding to the zone of hair loss.
After the separation of the hair grafts taken to be transplanted is completed, channels begin to be opened for the hair follicles in the area where balding begins, that is, the area where Hair Transplantation will be performed. An expert surgeon in the field can achieve successful results that look natural without being obvious.
Since the hair in the nape area is insensitive to testosterone, it does not fall out. If the hair in the nape area is also shed or insufficient due to a different disease, then hair follicles can be taken from different parts of the body such as the chest. After FUE Hair transplant medical procedure, the hair that develops from the relocated hair follicles is lost after one month. This is an essential and normal cycle in Hair Transplantation. After this shedding cycle, new hair develops inside 5 months in the relocated hair follicles.
The first washing process is carried out in the Hair Transplantation center, then the patients are given detailed information about how to wash their hair. There is no fixed fee system in FUE Hair Transplant surgeries. The cost of the operation changes according to the extent of the hair loss and the method that will be used. The number of hair follicles to be collected is directly proportional to the cost of the procedure. Within the assessment, centers of hair transplantation decide the cost of the procedure by considering the number of hair roots to be collected, the suggested method, and some other components. After this stage, the patient decides on hair transplantation. FUE hair transplant techniques are divided into 3 as follows.
- Micro FUE Hair Transplant Technique
It is an improved version of the manual FUE technique. In the micro hair transplantation technique, it is the process of removing hair follicles by means of equipment with micro tips. Micromotors are used in this technique with tiny tips. The inserts are based on the principle of punching holes in the range of 0.6 – 0.9 mm. Micro circles are opened on the scalp, the hair follicle and the tissue structures around the hair follicle are separated and removed.
- Saffir FUE Hair Transplantation
Just like the Micro FUE technique, Saffir FUE and Micro FUE are actually not techniques. They are only sub-innovations of the FUE technique. The only difference of Saffir FUE is that the tips used are made of Sapphire, not metal. It is effective in opening microchambers in the scalp and is ideal for less crusting rates. It also contributes to the acceleration of recovery phases. Sapphire-tipped microneedles are much healthier than other needle structures.
- Soft FUE Hair Transplant
Although FUE is referred to as the sub-technique of hair transplantation, it is a sub-innovation of the FUE technique. SOFT Fue means; Supporting the hair transplant operation with drugs focused on sedation, it turns out that the patient is relieved but does not have an effect on his consciousness. In summary, there is no loss of consciousness with this technique, but you can have hair transplantation without feeling any pain. Sedation-effective drugs are not of a type that will prevent actions such as going to the toilet and talking.
Mega Session Hair Transplant
A lot of research has been done to increase the techniques used in hair transplant surgeries and the efficiency of these techniques. One step closer to perfection with the latest Mega Session method. Mega Session is the process of increasing the number of hair follicles taken in a single hair transplant surgery above a certain number. While this process was performed in groups with the FUT technique, the amount of hair that could be transplanted could not exceed 800-1,000 grafts. With the Mega Session method, this situation can now be raised above 4,500-5,000 grafts. It is a more suitable method for people with wide baldness and high hair density.
Thanks to the Mega Session method, hair follicles can now be taken in much larger numbers at once. This convenience reduces the number of sessions applied in hair follicle removal. However, transplanting 4,500-5,000 hair follicles at a time is still a very long and laborious task. A time of 12-15 hours is needed to have a hair transplant with the Mega Session method. With the innovative technology brought by the Mega Session, the number of grafts that were previously impossible can now be reached easily. The aim of this method is to reach the maximum number of grafts that can be added at a time, reducing the number of sessions and reaching the desired appearance more quickly.
With the Mega Session method, denser and more natural hair is achieved in a shorter time and with greater success. Another feature that should be noted in particular is that the transplantation procedure performed with this method in several numbers is reduced to a single session, so the possibility of hair follicles in the area has been removed. Considering the costs of the sessions repeated until reaching the desired result in other techniques, the Mega Session method will turn out to be much more advantageous. By using the donor area maximum in a single session, you can avoid unnecessary over-sessions.
In order to obtain the same amount of grafts in this region, by applying one session instead of two, we reduce the possibility of a possible loss of hair follicles in this area. You can reach the desired result with one instead of two, two instead of three sessions. In addition to the long duration of the process, the higher number of grafts will give you the impression that it will be more expensive in the first stage, but it will be cheaper than other applications. Getting the procedure done twice is more expensive than getting it done once. Benefits of mega session applications include:
- You can achieve results in a shorter time than other methods with lower graft numbers.
- Considering the period of withdrawal from your job after each transaction, this lost time will be much shorter with Mega Sessions applied with fewer sessions.
- With the low number of sessions, root losses in the donor area that may occur in every session are minimized.
- It is possible to obtain the most natural results that can be obtained.
Both the FUE method (Follicular Unit Extraction) and FUT method (Follicular Unit Transplantation) techniques used in hair transplantation are applied under local anesthesia. Hair transplant sessions are completed in an average of 5-6 hours with the FUT method and 7-8 hours with the FUE method. Male and female candidates who will have hair transplantation have the wrong belief that the procedure will be painful and bloody. This can be said for teams using completely outdated methods. After hair transplantation with modern FUE and FUT methods, you will only remember how easy the process is. Modern technology allows surgeons to complete these operations without any pain.
After the procedure, patients leave our hospital with only point wounds that will heal visually in 1 week. They can wear a hat the day after the procedure. FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation), also known as tape or ribbon hair transplantation, hair follicles are taken from the part resistant to spillage under both ear lines and closed with an aesthetic stitch. This fine aesthetic scar, covered with hair, is not visible. The hair strip taken from the nape is separated into Follicular units (FUE) one by one under microscopes (stereo-microscopes) specially designed for hair transplantation.
Separated hair islands are kept in a special liquid until the hair is transplanted. It is only possible to obtain hair follicles from the strip taken in the hair transplantation process with a meticulous separation under the microscope. Very thin slits are opened in the recipient area. None of the channels where the hair follicles will be transplanted will be larger than the needles used when taking blood from your arm. If you have hair in the area to be transplanted, they do not need to be shaved. Another critical step for hair transplantation to be natural is to correctly determine the depth and angle of the channels to be opened for the placement of the roots.
Correct and non-destructive placement is only possible with a specially trained and experienced team. After the recipient area is prepared for hair transplantation, hair islands (follicular units) containing 1-4 hairs are carefully placed into the channels. Each hair island should be specially distributed according to the number of hairs it contains so that a natural result is obtained. FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) is the removal of each hair island (follicular unit) one by one by shaving the back of the scalp in 1mm length. As many channels can be removed for each hair follicle. The hair transplant obtained is the same as used in the FUT method. In both methods, the hair transplantation area for the first week is noticeable from the outside. You can cover this area with a hat when going out for the first week. Men and women who have had hair transplantation can continue their daily activities the day after the transplant. They just need to avoid smoking, heavy exercise, and alcohol.
Direct Hair Transplant (DHI)
In DHI Hair Transplantation, grafts taken with a surgical pen with a thickness between 0.6 mm and 1 mm are separated and cleaned and then transferred directly to the scalp without opening any channels. This procedure, which is performed in two separate sessions in normal hair transplantation methods, is called direct hair transplantation as it is performed in one go with implanters in DHI Hair Transplantation.
Due to the cost of medical devices used in hair transplantation, DHI hair transplantation is performed at higher prices than other techniques. The DHI hair transplant method, which has been intensely curious recently, is not much different from the FUE technique. Hair follicles collected one by one in DHI Hair Transplantation are placed in their place with automatic implanter devices. By placing the grafts in this way, the roots are transplanted without waiting too long.
In DHI Hair Transplantation, however, this does not have a great positive effect on the life cycle of hair follicles. In addition, the cost of implanted devices and the operation taking more time increase the price of DHI Hair Transplantation. By giving sedation to the donor region, the hair follicles are loosed and gathered with the help of a medical pen. Then, the process of placing the collected hair follicles on the scalp with this special device begins. Hair follicles are placed on the scalp thanks to a special Choi pen. This fine-tipped medical pen, which is dipped at an appropriate angle to the scalp, places the hair follicle inside the scalp when pressed on the special area behind it.
This method, which is applied without damaging healthy tissues, is advantageous in that it allows more frequent transplantation. Generally, this method is preferred because it is placed immediately after the roots are removed without waiting. It is critical that the cycle, which lasts around 10-12 hours, is applied by experienced individuals. Similarly, as with the robotic transplantation procedure and the FUE technique, 1 day after the operation, routine control should be performed.
This method first appeared at Kyungpook National University in Korea. Doctors specializing in hair transplantation have made researches to better understand this technique, and according to the results of the research, everyone concluded that it is not suitable for hair transplantation with the first developed Choi pen, and they thought that this application was a difficult method. They showed an example of this situation, especially the thin-stranded and curved hair follicles being damaged during the placement of the implanter tip and the transplantation.
In subsequent studies, the implanter pen was produced not only for people with straight, thick hair but also for more general hair types. The implanter pen used today has a wide thickness between 0.64 mm and 1.0 mm. At the point we have reached today, in the light of scientific and technological developments, hair transplantation can now be done much more safely with Choi tips. Effective, predictable and most importantly natural-looking results can be obtained in hair transplantation with Choi tips in specialized clinics.
PRP Hair Transplant
Platelet Rich Plasma-PRP treatment in hair transplantation is a method used in the treatment of hair loss in both men and women. PRP method is a non-invasive, non-surgical treatment option that stimulates hair follicles in order to eliminate hair loss for patients with hair loss problems. The latest researches and the latest technologies are in a medical understanding that provides tissue and wound healing together. By means of these studies, the PRP technique is applied to the hair with absolutely normal methods to arouse the scalp and hair roots.
Doctors started using PRP therapy about ten years ago to speed up the healing process in damaged joints. During treatment, a technician will take your blood and spin it in a centrifuge to separate the platelets and plasma. Specialists at that point infuse the plasma, which assists to repair blooding vessels, advances cell development, and animates collagen creation. Analysts started utilizing PRP in hair transplant procedures subsequent to finding that high convergences of platelets in plasma cells help advance hair development by extending the development period of the hair cycle.
Doctors inject PRP plasma into the scalp where hair loss has occurred. They usually administer the injections monthly for three months, then distribute them for about three or four months up to two years. The infusion timetable will rely upon your hereditary qualities, the extent of the hair loss, age, and hormonal activity. Plasma is the fluid part of your blood that is generally comprised of protein and water. It permits red and white platelets to travel through your circulation system. Platelets are a type of blood cell that enables blood coagulation. They also play a role in healing.
To gather the plasma, your blood is drawn by a specialist from your veins and it is utilized in a machine to isolate the platelet-rich plasma from the remainder of the blood. Then the doctor numbs the part of your body that was treated with PRP injections. After the numbness, the doctor uses a needle to inject your plasma into the treated area of your body. PRP injections usually take about 30 minutes, but it depends on the area you target. After platelets enter the area being treated, they break down and release growth factors and compounds that help cells repair and regenerate.
PRP treatment may need to be applied for at least 2-3 sessions. The interval between sessions is approximately 3 weeks. Repeating the PRP treatment once a year increases and maintains the effect of the treatment. For PRP hair relocating operation to be exceptionally powerful and effective, you can strengthen your blood values by evading addictive propensities, for example, smoking cigarettes and drinking alcoholic beverages. They are materials taken from the blood to be used to renew, repair, and strengthen the scalp. After 10-20 ml of blood is drawn from the patient, red blood cells are separated from the blood by special centrifuge and microfiltration methods, and rich plasma materials such as thrombocytes (platelets) and white blood cells are obtained.
When thrombocytes interact with damaged tissue, they activate and secrete many tissue-repairing agents. Since the product is obtained from the patient’s own blood, it is not possible for the body to reject the substance, spread disease through blood, or to cause allergies. Due to the materials in the product, the harm done by the needle heals very fast. Damages in tissues are removed and new tissues begin to form thanks to the growth substances it contains. In addition, hormones have many nutritional factors such as vitamins, and are applied quite easily.
In summary, PRP treatment is a special procedure applied during or after the hair transplant operation to renew, repair, and strengthen the hair follicles – scalp. With the special centrifuge and microfiltration method, the blood taken from the patient is separated and a rich plasma material is obtained. This plasma has a very high restorative power. This method ensures the prevention of hair loss as well as speeding up the recovery of the patient.
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